A team of scientist at the Wageningen University & Research has been growing crops since 2013 in moon and Mars soil simulants created by NASA. The team has been succeeding in edible crops growing that include green beans, tomatoes, carrots, potatoes and many more.
Scientists say that worms are not just able to survive in the faux Martian soil, but it also able to produce a new generation. Wieger Wamelink, a biologist at the Wageningen University & Research, made this conclusion. Wamelink recently observed two baby worms in the simulated Mars soil experiment.
Findings are great, but still they need to establish an ecosystem of sustainable agricultural, so the team is hoping a help from earthworms. Because, worms a vital role in the soil health of the Earth. They perish and then reprocess dead organic matter such as old plants by mixing it with the soil.
Worms burrow all through the soil as well, which help it to be aerated to extend oxygen and water transport. During the experiment, the team placed adult worms in the faux Martian soil, which was mixed with arugula and pig manure.
Wieger Wamelink said in a statement given in news release that, “Clearly the manure stimulated growth, especially in the Mars soil simulant and we saw that the worms were active. However, the best surprise came at the end of the experiment when we found two young worms in the Mars soil simulant.”