Coral reefs are one of the most crucial entities of oceans, but they are at major risks of disasters and hurricanes since last few years.
Coral bleaching is referred as among the basic causes which are responsible for the extinction of barrier reefs not only in Australia but also in many other parts of the world, wherever such ecosystems can be found.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has recently announced that coral reefs may extinct if the emission of carbon dioxide is not managed, so now the all the focus is raised to save them.
Barrier reefs are produced by the constant accumulation of tiny, marine species known as corals, which forms multiple layers over one another for a long period of time and then form a foundation consisting calcium carbonate.
So, researchers found a novel technology to prevent the coral reefs that entitles the genetic barcoding. This unique technique measures the young fish larvae population in the water around reefs, according to the reports. The figure of population count may help research recognize the remarkable population of adult fish and observation of the reef ecosystem.
Professor Madeleine van Oppen from the Australian Institute of Marine Science and the University of Melbourne stated at the Oxford University that, “It is a story of hope, rather than saying: ‘It’s all going to die and there’s nothing we can do about it.’ but it’s too late to leave them alone, given the pace at which we are losing corals. … It is only a matter of time before the next heat wave hits.”